For 66 years, Americans have relied on the Occupational Outlook Handbook when making decisions about their future careers. Since 1948, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics has published a new version of the handbook every two years. Since the mid-1990s, the book has been published online.
In December, the bureau unveiled the 2014-15 publication. For the next two years, when you read articles or hear presentations about occupations in the U.S., the information will likely be based on the handbook. It is the ultimate source of information about tasks, conditions of work, wages, outlook, skills and training for hundreds of occupations.
A companion publication, Occupational Outlook Quarterly, provides information helpful to people making decisions about careers. The current issue, Winter 2013-14, explains how the occupational projections were derived and provides easy to understand tables and graphs. Career counselors can learn a lot about what’s expected to happen in the economy, industries and occupations from this issue.
As the U.S. economy has changed, so has the content of the handbook. Since the 1950s, the U.S. economy has become less manufacturing-oriented and more service-oriented, so service occupations have taken more space.
As new occupations have emerged, the handbook has captured those changes. In 1951, the first computer was installed for commercial use. By 1959, the handbook contained information about a new occupation — computer programming. In 1995, it added Web masters, Web page designers and other Web-related occupation. In the past few years, emerging occupations included multimedia and animation specialists, geographic information systems technicians, data security engineers and analysts and health care utilization review coordinators.
As soon as the handbook is completed, the state workforce agencies start making industrial and occupational projections. Late this year, the Idaho Department of Labor will release statistics about projected job openings in hundreds of occupations in the state. Information from these projections, the annual occupational wage survey conducted by the department and the handbook are included with other information about occupations and education and training programs in Idaho Career Information System.
Kathryn Tacke, regional economist
Kathryn.Tacke@labor.idaho.gov, 208-799-5000 ext. 3984